Vault 1980


Registration number






Production date



steel, paint

Dimensions (H x W x D)

615 x 1184 x 1003 cm

Credit line

Commissioned by the City of Melbourne, 1980
City of Melbourne Art and Heritage Collection


Vault, Yellow Peril, Ron Robertson-Swann, steel plate sculpture, 1980, ACCA, Southbank, City Square


Location: Australian Centre for Contemporary Art (ACCA) forecourt, Sturt Street, Southbank

Yellow painted welded plate steel sculpture.

The unveiling of The Vault in 1980 in the City Square by contemporary artist Ron Robertson-Swann gave rise to one of the biggest art controversies. His work has often divided critics, but none has been as controversial as Vault.

Dubbed the ‘Yellow Peril’ by Councillor Osborne, the yellow metal sculpture caused a storm of protest over its suitability for City Square. Ironically, it was commissioned for its compatibility with the square’s design. The winner of a competition organised by the square’s architects, Robertson-Swann’s design met the challenge of being a ‘grand interlocked sculpture’. It also met the requirement of being bold, visually simple and a strong focal point, which would offset the formal character of the square. But while Vault met these objectives, it was a little too abstract for public taste.

Professor Patrick McCaughey gave his full support to the work, applauding it for design excellence. Recognising McCaughey’s reputation in visual arts, council approved the plans. When the sculpture was installed it was yet to be named, and despite Robertson-Swann soon naming it Vault, Yellow Peril, with its racist overtones, has stuck.

Following its installation in 1980, Councillor Osborne tabled a survey showing Melburnians’ lack of support for the sculpture’s prominent position, based on the opinion that it was not sympathetic to the nearby historic St Paul’s Cathedral and Town Hall. Council resolved to relocate the work, but not before it was scrawled with graffiti and used as a play structure. Despite the artist’s objections, in 1981 Vault was moved to Batman Park, where among other things it served as a shelter for the homeless. In 2002, Vault was unveiled at its new home outside ACCA, where most consider it in keeping with the surrounding built environment.